The Centre conducts real-time data collection on all ongoing and incoming General and Assembly Elections, and diffuses data-driven analysis through print and electronic media. The coverage includes the analysis, contextualization, and visualisation of results and the profiling of main parties candidates.
For each election, we assemble a team of field researchers and scholars to complete and expand existing data. Besides the ECI results data, we collect information on the socio-demographic profile of main parties’ candidates and on the sociological profile of constituencies.
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Key Researcher: Mohit Kumar
The main feature of most Indian politicians’ political career is their short duration. It is quite common in any election that the majority of incumbent MPs or MLAs do not serve a second term. In the 2014 General elections, 318 MPs were first-time MPs.
In order to quantify this phenomenon, we are developing a name matching software that identifies possible identical names, in order to facilitate the coding of individual political careers and therefore, individual incumbency.
The visualisation shows all candidates contesting for an assembly election for a state. They’re split into columns by party, with the colours indicating the party they contested from during the last election. The project aims to look at incumbency and cross-party movement of candidates.
Key Researcher: Mohit Kumar
In partnership with the [CERI, Sciences Po], and the [Lokniti] network, CSDS, the Centre collects data on the sociological profile of legislators in India, both at the Lok Sabha and at the state level.
Variables include gender, religion, caste, education and occupation. We have also started the process of coding political families of Indian legislators.
Key Researcher: Gilles Verniers
India’s bureaucracy concentrates formidable powers and yet is often rated as one of the worst performing in the world. While some of the bureaucratic processes at the top – such as examination, selection, appointment and promotion – are quite transparent, we know close to little about the informal rules and dynamics that guide the career trajectory of India’s top bureaucrats.
The bureaucracy project consists in the building a comprehensive dataset on India’s high civil servants, that combines basic socio-demographic variables with their history of postings.
The debate over the inclusion of women in politics in India has taken place with a remarkable absence of an empirical base. The existing empirical work on the impact of women representation is essentially based on research conducted at the local (Panchayat) level.
The main objective of this project is the building of an open access composite sociological profile of the women elected to India’s Lok Sabha (national assembly) and Vidhan Sabhas (state assemblies) since the early 1960s. Beyond the standard socio-demographic variables, this dataset will include qualitative biographical data on women legislators, through collection and treatment of archival material and interviews.
A second objective is to create a dataset compatible with other existing datasets (such as the Indian Census), to enable scholars and policy makers to study whether having women elected representatives has any social and developmental impact on their constituencies. This dataset will also enable inter-state comparative studies.
Besides, the Centre also envisions to conduct sociological profiling of the women contesting state elections in 2017-2018. The project will also include the elected representatives of the last three assemblies for each state (including the current assembly). This composite profile will integrate, beyond gender, caste, religion, occupation, education, IPC charges, assets and information on political family ties.
There is a lot of emphasis on the study of Prime Ministers and Chief Ministers in India, perhaps owing to a tradition of the concentration of power within the executive. We know less about Cabinets’ composition. Who are India’s ministers? Where do they come from? What is their political profile and sociological background? How do parties form their governments? How often do they reshuffle their cabinets? And what are the discernable trends across states and across time?
These are some of the questions that this project aims to answer, by building a dataset on the sociological composition of governments in India since Independence, both at the Union and at the State level.
The Question Hour is the only time when Members of Parliament (MPs) can ask questions of the ruling government in their individual capacity, unrestrained by party membership. The questions tabled by the MPs give considerable insight on the involvement, interests and concerns of elected representatives in the Lok Sabha.
This project involves creation of an open dataset consisting of all questions raised in the Lok Sabha between the Winter Session of 1999 (13th Lok Sabha) and the Monsoon Session of 2018 (16th Lok Sabha).
Click here to download the raw text of the complete dataset of over 300,000 questions.
Key Researcher: Saloni Bhogale