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Years of upheaval and transformation

Hindustan Times

By Gilles Verniers
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The loss of the Congress in the watershed 1977 election inaugurated an era of churn that saw the rise of farm politics and assertion from intermediary castes and backward groups even as the fragmentation of the Janata Party facilitated the return of Indira Gandhi. In all, the 1980s were a decade of deep transformation, both of the party system and of parties themselves.